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100 Years Ago This Month: Historical events from November 1923

Nov 10, 2023

The month of November has been home to many historical events over the years. Here's a look at some that helped to shape the world in November 1923.

* Industrialist Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach signs an agreement with the French government while imprisoned on November 1. The agreement establishes conditions under which miners working for Krupp would resume work. Despite the agreement, Krupp remains imprisoned for two more weeks.

* Silent film actress Margaret Gibson is arrested on federal blackmail and extortion charges on November 2. The charges are later dropped, though Gibson's ties to blackmail did not end there. Gibson's 1964 deathbed confession to the murder of film director William Desmond Taylor in 1922 is suspected to be related to the blackmail scandals that Gibson had been linked to at the time of her arrest.

* The New York Renaissance play their first game on November 3. Often referred to as "The Rens," the team is the first all-Black professional basketball team.

* On November 4, Adolf Hitler abandons a plan to kidnap Bavarian leaders and declare a revolution after seeing a significant police presence at a memorial ceremony for war dead in which various nationalist groups, including Nazis, marched.

* Despite being terminally ill with kidney disease, heavyweight boxer Bill Miske upsets Bill Brennan with a fourth round knockout on November 7. Miske was aware of his illness, and even fought despite not being able to train for the fight. The bout was the last of Miske's career, and the boxer succumbed to his illness on January 1, 1924.

* The Beer Hall Putsch begins on November 8. Hitler and more than 600 Nazi Party Storm Troopers surround a large beer hall where Bavaria State Commissioner Gustav Ritter von Kahr is making a speech. Hitler announces the Bavarian government is deposed, though he is ultimately found hiding in an attic on November 11 and arrested for high treason.

* The new flag of the Soviet Union is adopted on November 12. The flag remains largely the same until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

* On November 14, Germany suspends payment of its reparations stemming from World War I, claiming France and Belgium had violated terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

* The entire crew aboard the American schooner Grace N. Pendleton is killed when the ship breaks up in a gale on the North Sea on November 18. Crewmembers are seen clinging to the remains of the ship, but rescue teams are unable to reach them.

* Oklahoma Governor Jack C. Walton is convicted of corruption and abuse of power charges on November 19. Walton is the first Governor in Oklahoma history to be removed from office.

* African American inventor Garrett Morgan is granted a patent for his three-position traffic light on November 20. The light remains in use today.

* After 40 days of not eating, Irish Republican Army intelligence officer Andy O'Sullivan dies on November 22 at Mountjoy Prison in Dublin. O'Sullivan's death comes one day after fellow hunger striker Denny Barry died at a separate prison.

* The Army-Navy football game, played before 66,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York City on November 24, ends in a 0-0 tie.

* The first and thus far only National Football League game in which a team finishes with exactly four points is played on November 25. The Racine Legion of Racine, Wisconsin, overcome a 2-0 halftime deficit to defeat the Chicago Cardinals 10-4.

* The German film "The Little Napoleon" is released on November 29, marking the film debut of Marlene Dietrich.